Nearly 2 billion children worldwide breath toxic, polluted air

Air pollution is a significant problem for global health, especially in low- to middle-income countries where air quality is not up to the World Health Organization (WHO) standards. Exposure to air pollution worsens existing disease and can increase a person’s risk of dying from lung cancer, lung infections, stroke, heart disease, and COPD. Among children,…

Scoliosis in children linked to manganese deficiency

Scoliosis is a condition in which a person’s spine curves sideways, sometimes resembling an ‘S’ or ‘C’. It is the most common childhood musculoskeletal disorder affecting around 0.3% of all children. While mild cases can often be treated or corrected with a back brace, severe cases require surgical correction and affect 1 in every 10,000…

Bacteria go into hibernation to avoid antibiotics

Antibiotic resistance is an enormous problem that affects approximately 2 million people in the US each year. Most of our antibiotics attack bacteria by interfering with their ability to make DNA and therefore preventing their growth. Bacteria that develop resistance to these antibiotics have mutated and developed a way to get around the effects of…

Global air pollution decrease life expectancy by 1 year

Air pollution has been related to a variety of diseases that can cause premature death including: heart disease, strokes, lung cancer, and COPD. Air pollution is composed of a variety of gases (carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, etc) and particulate matter. Particulate matter is often grouped into two categories; PM2.5 which is less than 2.5 micros…