New moles, not existing ones give rise to most melanomas

Melanoma is a type of cancer that affects the skin and develops from the pigment containing cells, called melanocytes. It is the most dangerous type of skin cancer and affects around 132,000 people per year worldwide. Early detection of melanomas increases survival rate and so a simple pneumonic was developed to help identify troublesome spots:…

Exposure to pollution in utero increase the risk of lung inflammation in mice for 3 generations

New research published monthly continues to shed light on the negative health effects of air pollution which include aggravation of existing cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, development of chronic diseases like asthma and heart disease, and even an early risk of death. Traditionally considered to be reserved for severe pollution events, the health concerns surrounding air…

Using mice to understand the genetics behind autism

Numerous studies have tried to understand the genetic component of autism in an effort to understand the origins of the disorder. A few key genes have come up as important including a gene known as CHD8 or Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 8. This gene has been shown to be mutated in some individuals with autism and be…

Targeting family physicians to decrease unnecessary antibiotic use

Growing numbers of bacteria are becoming resistant to even our strongest antibiotics. The largest contributor to this rise in antibiotic resistance is over and unnecessary use of antibiotics in the agriculture industry and human health. Antibiotics should be spared for only confirmed bacterial infections but instead are often prescribed to combat any infection of unknown…