Global air pollution decrease life expectancy by 1 year

Air pollution has been related to a variety of diseases that can cause premature death including: heart disease, strokes, lung cancer, and COPD. Air pollution is composed of a variety of gases (carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, etc) and particulate matter. Particulate matter is often grouped into two categories; PM2.5 which is less than 2.5 micros…

Exposure to second-hand smoke during childhood increases risk for COPD mortality in adulthood

Second-hand smoke is associated with many negative health outcomes for both children and adults. In children, second-hand smoke can cause era infections, more frequent and severe asthma exacerbations, and respiratory infections. As adults, exposure to second-hand smoke has been linked to heart disease, lung cancer, and stroke. In recent year second-hand smoke exposure has been…

Obesity increases the duration of influenza virus shedding during infection

Obesity is a rising epidemic that is associated with a number of chronic diseases including diabetes, cancer, and heart disease but a growing body of evidence shows that it is also associated with worse outcomes from infectious diseases including influenza. Obesity is associated with increased risk of severe complications from influenza virus infections including hospitalization. We…

Selenium supplements may increase your risk for type-2 diabetes

Dietary supplements including multivitamins are a multi-billion dollar a year industry that is rapidly growing. Multivitamins and supplements are important for people with nutrient deficits or at risk for nutrient related diseases but for most people who eat regular meals, multivitamins have no beneficial effects on health. Additionally, because most multivitamins and supplements are classified…

Diabetes drug could help treat pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is a group of diseases that result in fibrosis of the lung causing it to become stiff and making it progressively harder to breath. There can be many causes of pulmonary fibrosis including radiation, severe infection, environmental exposures, or the cause can be unknown in which case it is dubbed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis…