BioBit – Your spleen is a filtration and storage organ

Your spleen is an often overlooked organ that serves as important accessory function for your immune system. It acts as a big filtration system for your blood and lymph. The spleen is brownish in color and is located in the upper left side of your body (under the rib cage). It receives both blood from the circulation…

BioBit – Your liver is an impressive organ

Your liver is your body’s largest gland. It is located on the upper right side of your abdomen, right below your diaphragm. It performs a wide range of jobs including: Detoxification: Your body breaks down all manners of chemicals from food to medication and it is your livers job to help make these by-products less…

BioBit – Fat cells, the good and the bad.

Fat cells, or adipocytes, are your body’s fat storage location. Adipocytes form your adipose tissue which is a type of connective tissue and when present in healthy amounts, is important in: Storing energy Insulation Protection and cushion for your organs Controlling blood sugar and appetite Adipose tissue is found in throughout your body: Subcutaneous –…

BioBit – Fibroblasts are your body’s repair specialists

As discussed earlier, connective tissue, acts to support your bodies organs and keep everything together. Fibroblasts are the cells in the body that are the most important in making this connective tissue, also known as extracellular (outside the cell) matrix. Fibroblasts are important in making a variety of proteins but two of the most abundant…

BioBit – Connective tissue, the stuff that keeps everything in its place

Connective tissue acts to support your body, connect different tissues/organs/cells together, and to separate different tissues from each other. Without connective tissue, your body would fall apart. Your body has many different types of connective tissue: Fibrous: Also called proper connective tissue. This is the collagen and other fibrous proteins that allow your organs to stay…

BioBit – Epithelium, the lining of your body

Epithelium is one of the four basic types of tissues in your body and is composed of epithelial cells. These cells act as the first contact point of your body to things like viruses, allergens, toxins, nutrients, and physical stimuli (heat or pressure). As such, they perform many important jobs: Protect the underlying tissues from…

BioBit – Cell Membrane, more than just the cells casing.

The cell membrane is the packaging that keeps the outside of the cell outside and the inside of the cell inside. It is composed of a special lipid, called phospholipids that arrange themselves into a bilayer. Phospholipids can be saturated or unsaturated and the amount of each within the membrane keeps the it the right consistency for…

BioBit – Lysosomes, your cells disposal system

Lysosomes (or vesicles) are membrane enclosed bubbles within the cell that contain enzymes and proteins that are found in almost every cell. They are formed when bubbles carrying enzymes break off from the Golgi body and fuse with other bubbles full of acid that activate the enzymes. They are important in: Waste disposal – Lysosomes can…