New discovery could prevent hair loss during chemotherapy

Chemotherapy and radiation treatment are our most effect treatment options for cancer and with these treatments the mortality rate of cancers has been decreasing. Unfortunately, many chemotherapeutics come with side effects including hair loss, called alopecia. To understand why you lose your hair while undergoing chemotherapy you need to understand how chemotherapeutics work. Chemotherapy and radiation…

New moles, not existing ones give rise to most melanomas

Melanoma is a type of cancer that affects the skin and develops from the pigment containing cells, called melanocytes. It is the most dangerous type of skin cancer and affects around 132,000 people per year worldwide. Early detection of melanomas increases survival rate and so a simple pneumonic was developed to help identify troublesome spots:…

Cancer cells can force their neighbours to feed them

Cancer is formed when a cell mutates and develops the ability to grow uncontrollably. This uncontrollable growth means that cancer cells are energy hogs, they require copious amounts of fuel to drive their growth and movement. Many chemotherapeutics target the food supplies of cancer cells in an effort to starve them. Typically, nutrients are provided to cancer…

92% of the worlds population is living with polluted air

Outdoor air pollution is estimated to be linked to 3 million deaths world wide per year. Including indoor sources into the estimate we find that around 6 million deaths world wide are attributed to air pollution. That is 11.6% of all global deaths! Most of these deaths come from complications with the heart, lungs, or brain.…