Patients with long term type-2 diabetes may be at greater risk for restrictive lung disease

Restrictive lung disease (RLD) is a group of disorders that prevent normal expansion of the lung, primarily due to hardening of the lung tissue. RLD can include: pulmonary fibrosis, respiratory distress syndrome, sarcoidosis, and radiation fibrosis, among others. These are rare and often lethal disease that in some instances, like pulmonary fibrosis, require a lung…

Diabetes drug could help treat pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is a group of diseases that result in fibrosis of the lung causing it to become stiff and making it progressively harder to breath. There can be many causes of pulmonary fibrosis including radiation, severe infection, environmental exposures, or the cause can be unknown in which case it is dubbed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis…

In Bradford UK, 1 in every 3 new cases of asthma may be attributable to air pollution

Air pollution, specifically that originating from diesel engines, has been linked with increased risk of developing asthma, worsening of asthma symptoms, and increased risk of hospitalization due to asthma related problems. Nitrogen oxides (NO2, NOx) and small particulate matter, produced by the combustion of diesel, are considered to be the offending compounds that are linked to asthma…

Abnormal airway branching in the lung increases risk for COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease that results in damage to the airways (Bronchitis) and destruction of the small air sacs, called alveoli (Emphysema). Traditionally considered a smoker’s disease, COPD can also appear in people exposed to indoor air pollution (wood burning stoves) and air pollution. Not everyone who smokes will…

Developing a simple test for detecting respiratory viral infections

Respiratory infections affect hundreds of millions of people annually and account for nearly 4 million deaths world wide. Treatment plans will depend on the type of infection, with bacterial infections needing antibiotics and viral infections needing antivirals. Prescribing antibiotics to someone with a viral infection wont help them get better and it will add to…

Nanoparticles are able to prevent inflammation

Nanoparticles and microparticles are a new frontier in specialized disease treatment because they allow for precise targeting within the body. This technology could be especially useful for treating cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and blood vessel diseases. This area of research is new and we still don’t know how these nanoparticles interact with the different parts of…